Discovering New Zealand - Anthony Savill

12 November – 10 December 2021
Discovering New Zealand exhibition flyer

Captain James Cook was sent on a mission of discovery. The Pacific was the best place to view the Transit of Venus i.e. the planet travelling across the face of the sun, so the voyage of the Endeavour to the South Pacific began. Cook was an excellent cartographer (map maker) and journal keeper. Also on board the Endeavour, and on his two later trips, were artists and scientists who made incredibly detailed accounts of early Maori and the fauna and flora of New Zealand.

Anthony Savill

This exhibition is a collection of antique maps, charts and engravings made by the early explorers of New Zealand and the South Pacific. This collection has been curated and assembled by Anthony Savill who comes from a career as a zoologist, curator, administrator and exhibition organiser at the Canterbury Museum, Christchurch. He has had a lifetime interest in early exploration, New Zealand and the historical documentation of human history and culture. This interest was reinforced while working at the British Museum of Natural History in London, studying the original natural history specimens collected by scientists like Sir Joseph Banks on Captain James Cook’s voyage. Anthony also descends from a long line of shipping entrepreneurs who established the Shaw Savill Shipping Line in 1865 which had a long association with New Zealand for over 100 years. More recently, Anthony has spent many years travelling on his canal boat through England, France, Holland, Belgium and W. Germany where he has collected many of the items that are displayed in this selling Exhibition.

Additional Note

Despite Britain’s reputation as a nation of maritime explorers they came late into the world of mapping the unknown. As a result, many of the earlier charts and maps were made by other nations such as Holland, Germany, France, Venice etc. When early European explorers returned from their voyages, their maps, charts and drawings were engraved by the best engravers of the day and then distributed to other explorers or included in book publications of their voyages. Because of the general public’s intense appetite for such knowledge, they were often published in a number of different languages. For example, Cook’s voyages were published in English, French and Dutch with other languages later. Printing of the day meant that maps and illustrations were printed on pages separate from the text hence many have remained in excellent condition. All works featured in this exhibition are guaranteed to be these original engravings from such publications and have been framed to conservation standards to ensure their long-term preservation.


Terra Australis Nondum Cognita
This is the oldest and most important map in this Exhibition. It was made over 400 years ago in 1596 by the early cartographer Lambert Andreas when little was known of the shape of many of the world’s land masses. The mythical southern continent is clearly shown as TERRA AUSTRALIS NONDUM COGNITA (southern land not yet known). Seas were a dangerous place inhabited by ‘sea monsters’.
$3,750 – SOLD

Mers ou Terres Australes Inconnues
A beautifully ornate chart of the world depicting the wind patterns. It shows Abel Tasman’s outline of New Zealand referred to as Terre du S. Esprit. This chart was made in 1761.
$1,550 – SOLD

Carte Reduite des Mers Entre L’Asie et L’Amerique
This chart is attributed to Jacques Nicolas Bellin, map-maker to the King of France, and as the cartouche suggests, was made under the direction of M. Le Compte De Maurepas, the secretary of state to the King of France. The chart has many rumb lines (marine survey lines) and shows the Pacific before the wave of exploration which began in the 1760s. New Zealand is illustrated by Tasman’s outline with names to his landfalls. In accordance with the ‘working charts’ of the time decoration was kept to a minimum.

Animals of Maragnan
A fanciful engraving made in 1778. The island of Maragnan exists but none of its mythical animals, with the exception of the porcupine. 
$195 SOLD

Dutch East India Company Engravings
TOP: Detail of the working of a Dutch East India Company (VOC) boat yard. This engraving was made by J. Moulder and is dated 1694. Over the 200-year life of the VOC some 1500 ships were built.
BOTTOM: After completion, most VOC ships were moored in the northern port of Texel, including Abel Tasman’s two ships – the Zeehaen and Heemskerk. A copper plate engraving c. 1700.

Des Terres Australes, Figure CXL
This rather unassuming map, holds the distinction of being the first ever published map of New Zealand. It appeared in a French publication by Mallet in 1679. It shows Abel Tasman’s two ships, the Zeehaén and Heémskerk (bottom-right) and his outline of New Zealand.
The accompanying French text speculates as to whether New Zealand is part of a vast southern landmass and gives credit to Pedro-Fernandez Quir the early Pacific explorer. Also featured are the Solomon Islands, named after the biblical king and associated folklore which believes that this is where King Solomon acquired the gold to build the Temple of Jerusalem.
$395 SOLD


Baye des Meutriers de Moordenaars Baay
This is a rare and early illustration of Abel Tasman’s two ships, the Zeehaén and the Heémskerk, in Golden Bay, Northern South Island surrounded by canoes with details of the double canoe and its occupants in the foreground. This is the earliest European illustration of the New Zealand Māori and early New Zealand.
The title of this early copper engraving, made about 1750, is derived from the events that unfolded on December 1642.
$1,575 SOLD

Hand-painted Engravings from George Anson’s Voyage
Before Cook, there had been a number of voyages to the Pacific. These hand-painted engravings, dated 1748, illustrate commodore George Anson’s voyage and circumnavigation of the globe with views of the islands off of the South-West coast of South America. His main ship, the Centurion, made it back to England but of the 1854 original crew members, only 188 survived.

Captain Cook
Hand-coloured portrait of Captain James Cook, made in the early 1800s.
$175 & $150

Portrait of Captain James Cook by John Tallis
Portrait of Captain James Cook, made in the early 1800s. The hand-painted vignettes that illustrated Cook’s expeditions (including New Zealand), make John Tallis’ work so sought-after.

Portrait of Sir Joseph Banks by John Tallis
Portrait of Sir Joseph Banks. Hand-coloured engraving by John Tallis and Co. 

Captain James Cook – Chart of New Zealand
Captain James Cook (1728-1779), explorer, circumnavigator and hydrographer. Cook chartered the coastline of New Zealand between 1769 and 1770 during his first voyage on the Endeavour 1768-1771. On his return to England an account of his voyage was published in English, Italian, French and Dutch. In these publications appeared his best-known chart – that of the coastline of New Zealand. This French printing of his voyage was published in Paris and the engraver was Robert Benard (1750-1785). 

Table des Differentes Langues de la Mer du Sud
Tupaia was a well-respected Tahitian priest that Cook invited to accompany him on the Endeavour. Tupaia claimed to have an extensive knowledge of the islands of the Pacific and because of the similarities of the spoken languages across the Pacific, proved invaluable as an interpreter particularly in New Zealand. This table, published in the late 1700s, illustrates this.

Oorlogs-Praauw van Nieuw-Zeeland
Original copper plate engraving made in 1774 by Sydney Parkinson, artist on Cook’s first voyage. It shows a large war canoe as seen from the Endeavour, off the East Coast of the North Island. He illustrates the intricate carving on the prow and stern of the canoe, which is further decorated with feathers. Note the canoes with collapsible sails in the distance. 
Hand-coloured (pictured) $790 SOLD
$620 SOLD

Riviere Tamise et Bay Mercure
Cook’s chart of the Coromandel and the River Thames Estuary. It shows the route of his ship, the Endeavour, and its soundings, together with Mercury Bay where the transit of Mercury (across the face of the sun) was observed on the 9th of November 1769.
Also featured is the Bay of Islands and Tolaga Bay (see engraving of natural rock archway). Original copper plate engravings dated 1774 from Cook’s first expedition on the Endeavour. 

Harakeke (New Zealand Flax)
Early hand-painted engraving of the harakeke (or New Zealand flax) made in 1777 for Cook’s first voyage. 
$360 SOLD

Carte de la Nouvelle Zeelande
This is Captain Cook’s chart of New Zealand showing the tracts of his ship, the Endeavour, with dates and soundings etc. The insets are of Cook’s charts of Cook Strait, the Bay of Islands, Tolaga bay and the River Thames/Coromandel. It was made c. 1778 by Rigobert Bonne, the royal cartographer to France who was considered one of the most important map-makers of the time. 
$1,850 SOLD

Map of Early New Zealand by John Tallis & Co
This map of early New Zealand was made 1851-1852 by John Tallis and Co. It has the reputation for being one of the most sought-after maps of New Zealand. It was engraved by the highly-skilled engraver John Rapkin and its importance lies in its accuracy and the hand-painted historical vignettes (views) of early New Zealand 170 years ago as they were in the year 1850, showing Auckland, Wellington and Mt Egmont (Taranaki) from New Plymouth. It also features the official “New Zealand Seal” at the time (top-right) and the border, a motif of early Māori carving.

Fortified Pā, Mercury Bay
Fortified pā on an arched rock in Mercury Bay, known to the Māori as Te Putao Paretauhinau (the hole of Paretauhinau). This has now been eroded away by the sea and only the side supports remain. This copper plate engraving was made in 1773 to illustrate Cook’s voyage to New Zealand. It depicts the Endeavour’s longboat and a Māori canoe fishing.
The accompanying engraving illustrates a rock archway in Tolaga Bay as drawn by both Captain Cook and his artist Sydney Parkinson in 1769. The Māori in this engraving holds a huata (long spear).

War Canoe of the New Zealanders in the South Pacific Ocean
Hand-painted engraving made c. 1800 based on Sydney Parkinson’s illustrations. It shows the elaborate carving on the bow and stern with feather adornments. Note smaller canoes with sails in the distance.

Two Engravings from Cook’s Second Voyage
These two engravings were made in 1777, during Captain Cook’s second voyage. In the lower view, his ship, the Resolution is featured with Cook holding a “peace offering” to the natives of New Hebrides. William Hodges was the artist on this Voyage. He was a well-known and respected artist in his own right, and it was reported that he was not happy with this “romantic” interpretation of his very accurate original drawing.
The top engraving features Cook’s two ships, the Resolution and the Adventure, moored off the island of Huaheine (Tahiti). Tahiti was where Cook viewed the transit of Venus on 4 June,1769 during his first voyage (in the Endeavour). Note the double-hulled canoes with thatched roofs, termed Va’a Tipaerua, believed to be of the type early Māori used on their voyages to New Zealand.

Hand-Coloured Engraving after Sydney Parkinson
Hand-coloured engraving made in 1782. The top scene depicts the pā, Te Puta o Paretauhinu on top of an arched rock in Mercury Bay with a fishing waka with sail below and Cook’s ship, the Endeavour, in the right distance. The bottom-left engraving is a Māori man with moku. He wears a hei-tiki around his neck with a heru (ornamental comb) in his hair, together with three feathers. 
The bottom-right engraving shows a warrior wearing a kākahu (cloak) and holding a tewhatewha (long-handled flighting staff). These images are based on Sydney Parkinson’s illustrations. Parkinson was the artist on Cook’s first voyage in 1769/1770.
$420 SOLD

Hand-Coloured Engraving of NZ Kākā
Hand-coloured engraving of NZ Kākā, made in 1836. The artist of this engraving, Edward Lear, is better known for his poetry, but he was also an accomplished naturalist and artist.
$220 SOLD

Portrait of the Māori King, Matutaera Tāwhiao
Portrait of the Māori King, Matutaera Tāwhiao (hand-coloured engraving made in 1886). He was originally leader of the Waikato tribes (Ngāti Mahuta Iwi) and reigned for 34 years until his death in 1894. He is buried at Mt. Taupiri and was succeeded by his son. In 1885 his portrait was painted by the well-known artist Gottfried Lindauer.
$580 SOLD 

Hand-Painted Engravings made for Dumont d’Urville
Hand-painted engravings made in 1836 for the French Explorer Dumont d’Urville to illustrate his voyages on his ship, the Astrolabe (voyage “Pittoresque Autour du Monde”. Engraved by Louis Auguste de Sainson). These are important historical records of early Māori life in New Zealand.
$470 each framed Set

Early Hand-Coloured Lithographic Map of the North Island
An Early hand-coloured lithographic map of the North Island (Eaheinomawe) made by John Downer between in 1855-1860. At the time no railways or roads had been built but, note, the “Overland Mail Track” between Auckland and Napier.
$290 – SOLD

Kāpiti Survey District
Hand-coloured chromolithograph made in 1926 by Wellington’s chief surveyor, F. H. Waters. Note the historical whaling stations on the islands off Kāpiti Island and the Paekākāriki subdivisions.
$580 – SOLD

A. R. Johnson Hand-Coloured Map of New Zealand c. 1850
This important hand-coloured map of New Zealand was made by A. R. Johnson c. 1850. It has the distinction of being one of the largest maps at the time and was consequently made on particularly large and robust paper. Note the decorative “piano key” border and footnotes top-left with Māori names to both main islands. The inset, titled Port Nicholson, refers to Wellington Harbour.
$750 – SOLD

Dumont d’Urville’s Chart of New Zealand
Dumont d’Urville’s chart of New Zealand, made in 1835 by the well-known French cartographer Ambroise Tardieu. Although the coastline of New Zealand was reasonably well-known by European explorers at the time (note a number of errors) little was known of the interior.
Dumont d’Urville was the famous French explorer who mounted an expedition to the South Pacific on his ship, the Astrolabe, and after whom, D’Urville Island in Cook Strait bears his name – see map. Note the two main islands of New Zealand bear Māori names.

Hand-Painted Lithograph of a Maori Couple
Hand-painted lithograph made 1826-1829 of a Māori couple in, Mercury Bay (Huahua) by Arthur Honegger after Louis Auguste de Sainson.

Hand-painted Lithograph by Louis Auguste de Sainson
Hand-painted lithograph made 1826-1836 showing early Māori clothing and facial features by Louis Auguste de Sainson.

Two Māori from Cape Maria van Diemen by Piron
Original engraving made in 1806 by the ship’s artist, Piron. It is a portrait of two Māori from Cape Maria van Diemen, wearing head and ear ornaments. The man on the left is wearing a flax piupiu.

Engraving to Illustrate Cook’s First Voyage
Original engraving made in 1773 to illustrate Cook’s first voyage. Waka huia (or treasure boxes) held precious ornaments such as hei-tiki or huia feathers. 
The accompanying engraving shows Māori weapons; patupatu.

Chromolithograph illustrating Two Types of Whales
A chromolithograph, made in 1885 by the German naturalist Dr. Gotthilf Henrich von Schubert, illustrating the two types of whales. A Baleen Whale (top) and Toothed Whale (bottom).

Hand-painted Steel Engraving of Whales & Seals
Early explorers in the Pacific and elsewhere alerted the world to the abundance of whales and seals in the oceans and a vast industry was created. To commercial whalers and sealers the sea was a rich bounty to be harvested. Hand painted steel engraving from the early 1800s.

The Country Journal
A weekly newspaper, published in England. This issue appeared in the year Cook was born, 1728. As it was directed at country people, it may well have been the source of news for Cook’s parents.

Waka Huia (or Treasure Box)
Waka huia (or treasure box) made c. 1773. These held precious ornaments such as hei-tiki or huia feathers. 
$195 SOLD

John Tallis and Co Map of the World
John Tallis and Co. map of the world showing Cook’s voyages c. 1851. Drawn and engraved by J. Rapkin. His maps are prized for his decorative, hand-painted vignettes of indigenous scenes, peoples etc. and finely engraved decorative borders. Captain Cook’s ship, the Endeavour, is shown in the hand-painted vignette (lower-centre).

English Man of War
Hand-coloured engraving made in 1748 showing details of an English Man of War. 

Hand-coloured Engraving of Ship
Hand-coloured engraving made in 1880.

Hand-coloured Engraving of Sailing Ships
Hand-coloured engraving made in 1850 showing different types of sailing ships.

Hand-coloured Copper Plate Engraving for Cook’s First Voyage
Pacific adzes, needles, chisels, etc. Hand-coloured copper plate engraving made in 1773 for Captain Cook’s first voyage.
$220 SOLD

Delphinus Engraving
The interesting artistic license in this engraving, made in 1803, of porpoise, dolphin, killer whale, depicts these marine mammals as the ferocious sea monsters, often illustrated in early maps and charts.
$135 SOLD

Chromolithograph of NZ Kākā
Chromolithograph of NZ Kākā, made in 1896. Despite being endangered, they are often a common sight (but more commonly heard) in Wellington.
$220 SOLD

Banke’s New System of Geography Engravings
Two important engravings made in 1738.

Pacific Adzes, Tattooing Implements and Paddle
Pacific adzes, tattooing implements and paddle. Hand-coloured engraving made in 1773 for Cook’s first voyage.

Capture of the Ship, the Boyd by New Zealanders
Hand-painted engraving of the “Capture of the Ship, the Boyd by New Zealanders” in August 1810 in Whangaroa Harbour. This is an illustration of Dumont d’Urville’s voyage to New Zealand.
$175 SOLD

Hand-coloured John Tallis and Co Map of the World
John Tallis and Co. map of the world. Drawn and engraved by J. Rapkin. His maps are prized for his decorative, hand-painted vignettes of indigenous scenes, peoples etc. and finely engraved decorative borders.

Islands of the South Pacific by Rigobert Bonne
Islands of the South Pacific by Rigobert Bonne (royal cartographer to France), made in 1787. It is based on the records and surveys of Captain Cook. The detail of Cook’s charting of Dusky Bay was so accurate that his surveys were still in use until only recently. Hand-coloured engraving.
$380 SOLD

Carte du Cours du Fleuve de St Laurent
Cook perfected the art of mapping while surveying the dangerous water of the St Lawrence River before the battle of Quebec and later around the treacherous and intricate coastline of Labrador and Newfoundland.
$380 SOLD

Plan of the Engagement Engraving
The historical relationship between the French and the English is well-illustrated by this 1780 engraving by John Cary. This naval engagement took place in Normandy, off the coast of France, between the French and a confederation of English and Dutch Ships.

Sea Battle for the Islands of St. Margarite
A hand-coloured early engraving made in 1637 by the German engraver Merian. It depicts the sea battle between the French and the Spanish for the islands of St. Margarite and St. Honorat, situated in the Mediterranean, off the French coast, near Cannes.

A Family in Dusk Bay
The family of 8 Māori whom Cook befriended while in Dusky Bay, said to be the remnants of the Ngāti-Mamoe tribe. Original copper plate engraving made in 1794.
$275 SOLD

Kororāreka Pā at Russell (Bay of Islands)
This hand-painted lithograph of the pā, Kororāreka, at Russell (Bay of Islands) was made in 1841 by the artist aboard the French Ship, Venus, which anchored in the Bay of Islands for a month in 1838.

Pacific Canoe with Outrigger
Details of a Pacific canoe with outrigger. German copper engraving made in 1754.

Hand-painted Lithograph of Kikopiri Pā
Hand-painted lithograph of Kikopiri pā, dated 1877 by Robert Kent Thomas, by the well-known New Zealand artist Charles Decimus Barraud, illustrating whare, waka and fishing poles

Sir Francis Drake “in Action”
Hand-coloured engraving made c. 1790. 

Te Puta o Paretauhinu Pā
Hand-painted engraving made in 1780, depicting the pā, Te Puta o Paretauhinu on top of an arched rock in Mercury Bay with a fishing waka with sail below and Cook’s ship, the Endeavour, in the right distance.

Carte de L’Hemisphere Austral
Perhaps the most historically intriguing of charts associated with Captain James Cook. The chart is said to be drawn by him and features the routes of previous explorers and includes his first two voyages. Hand coloured copper plate engraving made in 1773.

Twin Hemisphere Map of the World
This twin hemisphere map of the world was made by the well-known French mapmaker, Robert de Vaugondy in 1782, shortly after Captain Cook’s three voyages. It shows Cook’s new discoveries and traces in detail his voyages as well as those of other early explorers, including Abel Tasman.

Principal Trading Posts of the VOC
Early engraving showing the principle trading posts of the VOC in the East (including Batavia now Jakarta). A copper plate engraving made in 1720 by the engraver Henri Chatelin.

Dutch East India Company (VOC)
An interesting historical document that gives an insight into the structure of the Dutch East India Company (VOC). In the centre is the administering board of 17 known as “The Gentlemen XVII”. The VOC was a ‘megacorporation’ founded in the early 1600s by the Dutch Government to specialise in trade with the “Far East”. It issued bonds and shares of stock to the general public, was publicly listed, and was therefore the world’s first public company to be listed on an official stock exchange. The VOC was the forerunner of the modern corporation and it was also possibly the first to have a globally recognised corporate logo. VOC stands for Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, or The United East India Company.

Vue de Batavia
The VOC headquarters in Batavia (now Jakarta) on the island of Java from where Abel Tasman’s two ships departed on their way South to New Zealand.

Dutch East India’s Boat Yard at Middleburgh
A fascinating glimpse of the Dutch East India’s boat yard at Middleburgh showing the production line style of boat building. This early engraving made c. 1690 holds a special significance to New Zealand since Middleburgh is the capital of the Dutch province of Zeeland after which this Country was named.
$480 SOLD

English Man of War Engraving
Hand-coloured engraving made in 1780 showing details of English Man of War.

Port Nicholson Chart
A detailed and historically important chart of Wellington Harbour, showing the coastline and depth soundings at the time. Details are based on work done as early as 1840 by the survey ship, the Acheron etc. The charts dates from 1856 with later information being incorporated. 
$575 SOLD

Hand-coloured Chart of the Southern OceansThis hand-coloured chart of the Southern oceans was made by Guillaume de L’Isle in 1714. It shows the tracts of explorers including those of Abel Tasman with his outline of New Zealand made during his visit some 70 years previously.
$1,550 SOLD

Woman of New Zealand
A woman of New Zealand from William Hodges 1778 portrait.

Femme de la Nouvelle Zelande
A woman of New Zealand from William Hodges 1778 portrait.

Woman of New Zealand from Queen Charlotte Sound
A woman of New Zealand from Queen Charlotte Sound. Made in 1794 from the original engraving by Eastgate and based on William Hodges portrait. 

Woman and Man from Queen Charlotte Sound
A woman and a man from Queen Charlotte Sound, 1803. From the portrait by William Hodges (Cook’s artist on his second voyage).

Vrouw van Nieuw-Zeeland Man van Nieuw-Zeeland
A woman and a man from Queen Charlotte Sound, 1803. From the portrait by William Hodges (Cook’s artist on his second voyage).

Heads of New Zealand Chiefs
Early record of tattooing, together with the intricate carving on the prowl and stern of a war canoe. Hand-coloured copper plate engraving after Sydney Parkinson, 1773. 
$350 SOLD

Hand-coloured Māori Pā or Hippah on Motuara Island
A Māori pā or hippah on Motuara Island in the Marlborough Sounds. The Marlborough Sounds is where Captain Cook spent time on all three of his expeditions to New Zealand. An original engraving made in 1796. The image was originally drawn by John Webber in the 1770s, the artist on Cook’s third voyage, and the pā was described by Cook on his first voyage. 

Māori Pā or Hippah on Motuara Island
A Māori pā or hippah on Motuara Island in the Marlborough Sounds. The Marlborough Sounds is where Captain Cook spent time on all three of his expeditions to New Zealand. An original engraving made in 1796. The image was originally drawn by John Webber in the 1770s, the artist on Cook’s third voyage, and the pā was described by Cook on his first voyage.